Saturday, May 23, 2020
Transformational Leadership and Affective Commitment to Change There has been extensive interest in transformational leadership behaviours among leaders of organizations (OregBerson, 2011).Transformational leaders tend to have certain skills and competences such as integrity, motivation, drive, emotional intelligence, self-confidence, intelligence and knowledge of the business. These are the necessary skills to get employees involved and committed to the change process (Santhidran, Chandran Borromeo, 2013). The relationship between a transformational leadership style and affective commitment to change is the main effect being studied in this paper. The focus is on the influence of a transformational leader (i.e. the traits that aÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Commitment to change represents an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s degree of support for change events. (Herscovitch Meyer, 2002). This definition is consistent with other research that conceives commitment as the adhesive element between employees and employer objectives during organizational change (Conner, 1992). Commitment to change has implications for important outcomes, such as turnover, performance, attendance, and organizational citizenship behaviours (FugateKinicki, 2008). Herscovitch and Meyer (2002) examined that commitment to change consists of three individual facets; affective, continuance, and normative. Which, respectively, distinguish between the people that Ã¢â¬ËwantÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬ËneedÃ¢â¬â¢, and Ã¢â¬ËshouldÃ¢â¬â¢ support organizational change events.Thus, if an employee is affectively committed to change the employee has an actual desire to support organizational changes. The term affective is more than mere compliance of the changes. It also embodies authentic attention and effort related to the changes (Fugate Kinicki, 2008 ). A transformational leadership style focusses on getting employees more involved with the organization, the employees automatically feel a stronger link, bond or connection with the organization, this is called affective commitment (Mathieu Zajac, 1990). When an employee is affectively committed to an organization and can identify with its values and goals, they are more likely to engage in a set of behaviours that are advantageous for theShow MoreRelatedAs Pointed Out By Keskes I. (2014), Fundamentally, The1000 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesKeskes I. (2014), fundamentally, the empirical and meta-analytic studies suggest that subordinates working with transformational leaders are more committed to their organizations and demonstrate fewer withdrawal behaviours (Bono Judge, 2003). Besides, Bass and Avolio (2004) maintain that transformational leaders perceive the strategic goals of the organization. They argue that transformational leaders are more sensitive to their environment and thus formulate and disseminate strategic goals that captureRead MoreThe Effect of Leadership Style on Organizational Commitment Among Academic Staff in Yemeni Universities10662 Words Ã |Ã 43 Pagesi The Effect of Leadership Style on Organizational Commitment among Academic Staff in Yemeni Universities Sameh Adel Abdo Saeed UNIVERSITI UTARA MALAYSIA JUNE 2011 ii The Effect of Leadership Style on Organizational Commitment among Academic Staff in Yemeni Universities A Thesis Submitted to the Graduate School in Partial Fulfillment of Master of Business Administration Universiti Utara Malaysia By Sameh Adel Abdo Saeed Ã © Sameh Adel Abdo Saeed, June 2011. All Rights Reserved iii PERMISSIONRead MoreThe Theory Of Job Satisfaction1097 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescomponents of job satisfaction are promotion and supervisor satisfaction. From the case, it is obvious that the foremen were not satisfied with promotion opportunities. The foremen did not believe there were many opportunities to move to higher leadership roles. In addition, the foreman had low supervisor satisfaction. They felt disconnected from management and secluded from other departments. Furthermore, the foremen believed the supervisors supported the antiquated management practices of upperRead MoreThe Intervention First Begins With The Singtel Sales Representatives1678 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdissatisfaction with the company which was not stated in the survey results. Secondly, to communicate the changes that the organisation will be undergoing. Studies have indicated that employees play a significant role in the success rate of change and may be resistant to the changes if not forewarned (Shin, Taylor Seo, 2012). Besides reducing resistance, communicating the organisational changes increases employee motivation as it allows employees a personal stake in the process (Gilley, Dixon GilleyRead MoreThe Theory Of Ethical Leadership929 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesExplanation of Ethical Leadership The research of Thomas W. H. Ng and Daniel C. Feldman provides quantitative data, which validates the effectiveness of Ethical Leadership through the meta-analysis of 101 ethical leadership related studies conducted over the last 15 years. Somewhat in nascent form, Ethical Leadership (Ng Feldman, 2015) is viewed as conduct predicated on exhibiting positive role mode actions while promoting moral member conduct through collaboration, communication, and reinforcingRead MoreEmployees : Attitudes And Job Satisfaction1463 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagespeople, places, or things. It s an expression of like and dislikes based on the values or beliefs that an individual holds. Research suggest that attitude can be structured in terms of three component called the ABC Model: affective, behavioral, and cognitive. The affective component involves a person s feeling and emotion. For example: I hate my job. Behavioral is the action component of the model. It s the way our attitude influence how we beha ve. For example, because I dislike this job, IRead MoreEssay about Starbucks Organizational Commitment1101 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesStarbucks Organizational Commitment and Organization How does AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s largest coffee company continue to succeed in a tough market? It devises a strategic plan that focuses on effective leadership and a strong organizational structure. Starbucks continuously adapts to the challenges of its critics and overcomes challenges. Its leadership style greatly influences the organizational communication of the company that allows its employees to feel empowered. Given the organizational structure ofRead MoreWe Start By Defining Executive Coaching Essay1388 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagespersonal satisfaction, and effectiveness of the executive coacheeÃ¢â¬â¢s organization within a formally defined coaching agreement. Executive leadership coaching has a similar definition defined by the Center for Creative Leadership as a relationship Ã¢â¬Å"in which the executive coachee and coach collaborate to assess and understand the executive coachee and his or her leadership developmental tasks, to challenge current constraints while exploring new possibilities, and to ensure accountability and support forRead MoreOrganizational Commitment1344 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesOrganizational Commitment and Communication Paper Week 3 COM/530 10/27/2011 Introduction A look at an organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s communication and leadership styles can say a lot about the organization as a whole. Google has a relaxed atmosphere, where management allows workers to create their own schedules; and fosters creativity by allowing and encouraging their workers to explore side projects (Google Culture, 2011). What would happen if the leadership style were to change? This is one of the elements
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
Discuss the dramatic techniques in Death of a Salesman. From a technical point of view, Miller was welcomed by those involved in the practical craft of theatre. In his plays, we find challenge and convention, boldness and caution, daring technical experiment and poetic dialogues. In Death of a Salesman , his new dramatic techniques- unrealistic setting, music, lighting, etc.-all generated a sense of mutation of old forms and conventions. Death of a Salesman concentrates on Willy Loman, an exhausted middle aged salesman, who has failed to realize his dream of economic success and is presented as being on the verge of a nervous breakdown. Failure also engulfs his wife Linda and two sons-Biff and Happy. The play is divided into three mainÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦When Charlie finally realizes that Willy is absent-minded, he makes an exit. Here we see WillyÃ¢â¬â¢s too much obsession of the past over present. Miller described Willy as literally at that terrible moment when the voice of the past is no longer distant but quite as loud as the voice of the presentÃ¢â¬ . He didnÃ¢â¬â¢t see WillyÃ¢â¬â¢s internal sequences as flashbacks. Miller says, Ã¢â¬Å"There are no flashbacks in this play but only a mobile concurrency of past and present Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..because in his desperation to justify his life Willy Loman has destroyed the boundaries between now and then.Ã¢â¬ 3) The action may take place in more than one location simultaneously. In the kitchen when Willy starts talking to young Biff and Happy in the past, Linda enters the room and asks Willy about the car. 4) The Setting must be non-realistic or partly realistic. One part of the stage may be set with realistic scenery, such as the kitchen at Brooklyn in Death of a Salesman ,but this may have an empty open stage area in front of it into which a single piece of furniture or other item may be brought to suggest a location, or the area may be left empty and used for variety of purposes, such as:In the empty space, Howard Wheels on a table with his wire re corder and his office is rapidly set up. To create a restaurant, Happy and the waiter bring on the chair-table the garden at Brooklyn. The playÃ¢â¬â¢s setting contributes to the understanding of the theme. In Death of a Salesman, the realistic set is the backyardShow MoreRelatedDeath of a Salesman Directors Vision1128 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages14 Pall Mart Belgravia London SW10 Pier 4 Hickson Road Walsh Bay NSW 2000 I write to you to propose the production of Arthur MillerÃ¢â¬â¢s classic Ã¢â¬Å"Death of a Salesman.Ã¢â¬ As the title suggests, the book is about the death of a salesman named Willy Loman. However, through my production, it is not the inevitable ending that will be remembered by the audience. It will be the processes that led to WillyÃ¢â¬â¢s conflicted mind that will resonate in the audienceÃ¢â¬â¢s mind. The underlying values of blindRead MoreComparing Oedipus Rex And Death Of A Salesman By Arthur Miller1255 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesstill use it today in Modern times. b. Today I will be comparing the two works such as Oedipus Rex, which is a playwright written by the great Sophocles and another playwright named Death Of A Salesman written by Arthur Miller. c. Through out the years, there has been a lot of controversy on whether or not Death Of A Salesman is considered to be a tragedy, unlike Oedipus Rex which clearly is. d. I feel these two plays can compare in a multitude of ways despite being written in different historical timesRead MoreDeath Of A Salesman: Illusion In An American Tragedy Essay1738 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWhen the realities of life become too harsh, humankind has a natural tendency to choose the most convenient solution to his problem: illusion. They build dreams and fantasies to conceal the more difficult truths of their lives. In his play Death of a Salesman, Arthur Miller portrays the hold of such illusions on individuals and its horrible consequences. Through the overly average, overly typical Loman family, Miller shows how dreams of a better life become, as Choudhuri put it, Ã¢â¬Å"fantasies to theRead MoreImportance Of Modernism In Modern Theatre1042 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesare a common situation in modern theatre, it can be useful to identify the intentions of dramatists and their dedication to this philosophical idea. For analyzing the modernism in modern drama, it is necessar y to discuss three modern plays (Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller, A Taste of Honey by Shelagh Delaney, and Top Girls by Caryl Churchill) as the way to enhance the understanding of the topic. Initially, it is important to briefly describe the history of modernism and find out the drivingRead MoreArthur Miller s Psychological And Social Magnitude Of His Characters1657 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesan individual and the relationships that surround him. 2. B. Despite their reduced circumstances, Augusta Miller stressed to her children the importance of learning and high culture, urging all of them to attend college. Like Biff Loman in Death of a Salesman, Miller was more of an athlete than a scholar. He proved a disappointing student at Abraham Lincoln High School, where he had greater success as a football player. He presented himself as a child who didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have much interest in school, butRead MoreThe Power of Irony in The Death of a Salesman Essay1778 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages102 Professor: Jeff Ousborne 04/05/2013 The Power of Irony on Ã¢â¬Å"The Death of a SalesmanÃ¢â¬ Authors use irony in literature in order to give double meanings and make it more interesting to the reader. In the play Ã¢â¬Å" The Death of a SalesmanÃ¢â¬ Arthur Miller uses irony as a strong writing technique in order to express the characters behavior. In Ã¢â¬Å"The Death of a SalesmanÃ¢â¬ by Arthur Miller moments of situational and dramatic irony helps to illustrate the storys theme in which Willy is a man tryingRead MoreEssay on Death of a Salesman2925 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Death of a SalesmanÃ¢â¬ written by Arthur Miller in 1948 attempts to give the audience an unusual glimpse into the mind of a Willy Loman, a mercurial 60-year-old salesman, who through his endeavor to be Ã¢â¬Å"worth somethingÃ¢â¬ , finds himself struggling to endure the competitive capitalist world in which he is engulfed. Arthur Miller uses various theatrical techniques to gradually strip the protagonist down one layer at a time, each layer revealing another truth about his distorted p ast. By doing this, MillerRead MoreThemes of Modernism859 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescharacter Manley is a bible salesman and he is supposedly good country people, but after he is alone in the barn with Helga his true colors shine through. When Manley pulls alcohol and playing cards with naked pictures on them out of his bible, OConner is showing the grotesqueness of religion. Through these actions OConner is showing that Manley and his religion are sick and twisted and that during the Modernism movement many people lost their faith due to something dramatic that happened to them. Read More Failure in a Success Oriented Society in Death of a Salesman1923 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesSuccess Oriented Society in Death of a Salesman Ã In the play Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller, the playwright focuses on the theme of failure in a success oriented society. Willy Lowman, a failed salesman, is the central character. WillyÃ¢â¬â¢s downfall is caused by his belief in the propaganda of a society that only has room for winners. The significance of this theme, still very relevant today, is heightened by Millers skilful use of a range of key techniques, including setting, characterizationRead MoreEssay on Death of a Salesman and Street Car Named Desire4007 Words Ã |Ã 17 PagesBiff: Ã¢â¬Å"will you take that phony dream and burn it before something happensÃ¢â¬ Compare how the authors of Death of a salesman and Ã¢â¬Å"street car named desire explore the conflict between truth and illusion Truth and illusion are utilized in Tennessee Williams Ã¢â¬Å"Streetcar Named DesireÃ¢â¬ and Arthur Millers Ã¢â¬Å"Death of a salesmanÃ¢â¬ through the use of the character; to lead the reader to a possible conclusion on the beliefs that went into the American dream that prompted people to work hard was that america
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
NietzscheÃ¢â¬â¢s Ubermensch concept of the Ã¢â¬Å"ideal personÃ¢â¬ was able to achieve self-actualization, and has developed himself holistically. What Nietzsche meant by achieving self-actualization was to achieve oneÃ¢â¬â¢s full potential through creativity, independence, spontaneity, and a grasp on the real world. I see an ideal person as someone who surrounds themselves with happiness and love even with no money or fame. We will write a custom essay sample on The Ideal Person or any similar topic only for you Order Now Most people consider the ideal person beautiful and rich. But as many people may say, money doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t always bring happiness or love, it could lead to loneliness and emptiness, even with all of the material things. An ideal person, as lived their life without regrets. I do agree with an ideal person is someone who can achieve their full potential through everything they do. They put all their hard work and effort into what they need to accomplish and with the best of their ability. I believe this is the most important similarity with our ideal person as well as NietzscheÃ¢â¬â¢s. A difference between our theories would be that we may see an ideal person as someone who is less fortunate but doing the best of their potential to provide for themselves and their family. And we would see that as with the resources they have and can afford then they are achieving a self-actualization. Nietzsche may be that as not a real ideal person, because someone might not look up to that certain person because they are not so called living the glam life, and having everything around them. He may think that he is not achieving his full self-actualization because of that, when really is he by being happy in life and grasping everything around him that he can and not taking it for granted. Nietzsche believes that the ideal person is high, rare, and far between and mainly mentions them as a Ã¢â¬Å"heÃ¢â¬ . In my belief the ideal person can be of any gender, by achieving greatness, and many people are ideal and not as rare as he mentions. With the main differences in mind I think that his Ubermensch is not plausible. He seeÃ¢â¬â¢s the ideal person as a higher power and rare and far between, like the so called superman that is seen in comic books, that was created after his theory. His person is like a fantasy that people wish they were instead of being normal people around us that achieve their potentials and that are plausible. How to cite The Ideal Person, Papers
Saturday, May 2, 2020
Question: Write about theArgumentative Essay for Transformational Leadership in Early Years. Answer: Introduction Transformational leadership is one of the styles of leadership that is used to motivate the employees and boost them up for better working. The essay here argues the aspect of transformational leadership in the early years. The positive point of early year knowledge is that the staffs learn early with the fresh mind and more curiosity rather than when he actually gets appointed in the organisations. There are multiple benefits that follow the transformational leadership in the early years. Yet there exists the shortcoming of the leadership in early years as well. In the early time period students do not take such an aspect in the serious mode and sometimes the whole influential thing is dependent upon the leader teacher who imparts the knowledge to the students, if the lack of good communication is there the problem is likely to arise. Thus, the essay involves the discussion upon the transformational leadership in early years, its pros and cons and the portion that has been favoured is discussed in detail (Mitigang, 2012). The essay focuses on the premium definition of leadership followed by the importance of transformational leadership in early years. The transformational leadership has been explained in general and then the focus on early years has been drawn. The positive possibilities are discussed followed by the disadvantages that are attached with the early year leadership. The essay concentrates on the positive portion of the transformational leadership in early years and 5 traits of leadership in early years have been focussed. The distributed leadership has been quoted in context of transformational leadership. Thereafter the characteristics of the leader have been discussed in context of early year learning of transformational leadership followed by the conclusion of the essay for better and clear understanding. Transformational Leadership in the Early Years Transformational leadership states that the leader is at the aim to motivate the employees and making them work effectively and efficiently. In transformational leadership style the leader considers the individual strength, weakness, the point of motivation, what inspires the employee and many more factors. The leader measures all the parameters and act accordingly to retain the employee and ensure the growth of an organisation. It is the prime responsibility of the leader to develop the better understanding in context of the organisational activities, policies and procedures (Dunlop, 2008). It is not necessary that the leader is always a manager, leadership qualities has nothing in connection to leadership even the low level employee could be a leader among the peer because of the knowledge, skills and abilities it contains and the manner he/she deals with the things. The transformational leadership is concern about the problem solving and decision making as well. The good leader is one that analyses the problem, studies it and accordingly react upon it with a wise mind. Leadership depicts the quality to solve the issues and deal with the challenges, they are the one that treat dynamism as an opportunity and crack it out into wonders. The decision making quality of the leaders are also appreciated, they evaluate the situation completely and afterwards react to it in a positive manner (Kimberly, 2015). The transformational leader performs these activities to satisfy the employees need and understand the quarrels that are going to happen and take corrective actions accordingly that at last build the trust over the decision making skill of the leader. To be an effective leader no particular degree or qualification is needed. It is the inner zeal and confidence that reflects out when certain situation occurs. Leaders always try to grab the opportunity and take the initiative to make changes, the power resists within the individual only and no particular designatio n is needed to prove the leadership quality. The power is the positive energy that rests under the leader and such a leader reflects and passes on such positivity to other people as well thereby creating a generous environment and encouraging the employees to work in the authentic and smart manner (Antonakis, 2017). The transformational leadership in early years is basically the learning that is given to the students of school. The researcher explains that children are made to learn the values and beliefs in the early age so that the decision making skills starts to develop at the early panel only. The leadership in the early years helps in promoting the confidence within the student and the self-analysis takes place which assists in improving the mindset of the students (Zhao et al, 2016). The leadership should be prevalent in the teachers so that they could make staffs learn the skills and abilities that will help them achieve the goal that they have set or finish up their daily task accordingly. The transformational leadership in early years helps the students to learn more and understand better so that the things start to fall in place from the early age only. This also improves the learning of students and led them toward the success (Hawkins, 2017). The equality is taught to them so that t hey carry the perspective of equal treatment within the organisation and they practice the similar thing when step in the corporate world. Transformational leadership in the early years focuses on the vision that has to be ultimately achieved and in order to attain it the mission is created which is the path to attain the vision (Farmer Tierney, 2017). The practitioners in the early times must be taught the importance of vision in the company and what all efforts should be made to achieve the goal by retaining the quality and not affecting the quantity as well. They are made to learn about how to stay motivated and reflect the similar zeal and positive energy in the environment (Day, Gu Sammons, 2016). From the very beginning they are made to work own their own so that they do not get dependent upon anybody and even they are aware of problem solving tricks and take decisions as per the situation. This thing helps them in the upcoming future and by that time they must have come acr oss a lot of problems and could have effectively dealt with it. When the staffs move forward at the organisational level they are well aware of the environment and things they need to incorporate and quickly they will be able to settle down in the corporate world without much pain or issues in context of problem solving and decision making. When such an approach is chosen at the early times there are chances that person grabs the growth early and seek to the better position (Jaiswal Dhar, 2016). The researches argues over the negative aspect as well and quotes, since in the early time the mind makeup has to be made and practitioners have the free mindset they cannot handle formal behaviour or carry it to the other level (Aw Ayoko, 2017). Since they are not currently working in any particular organisation the practical aspect remains a mystery that might create hurdle in understanding the things thoroughly. Some of the other demerits of transformational leadership in early years could also be investigated. The transformational leadership in early years only motivates and make the student learn about the new things and the ethics that are to be followed; they are not made to practice those things so that practical exposure could be gained. The things end up to be intangible and no sought of tangibility are ever achieved (Travis, 2017). Also it is the time consuming session because the teachers and other leader need to put lot of input and invest their time and energy to make student understand the importance of leadership and how the motivational factor works for the employees and other peers. For conducting the sessions to demonstrate the features of transformational leadership there is the requirement of trust and faith in the leader then only the one could be able to grab the knowledge and learning quickly and stick to it till the time of implementation (Gillet, Fouquereau, Huyghebaert Vandenberghe, 2016). Also another factor that affects the transformational leadership in the early years is that its not always the staffs that have to learn or creates trouble in learning and managing new things for their development at times even the leader could be at the faulty position. The leader delivering the knowledge might be good at handling the people and motivating the staff but do not possesses the quality to impart the lectures in an appropriate manner. The leader might not be good at the part of delivering the knowledge and the theoretical aspect but a t the own concern they might be better in convincing people and dealing with the mangers and suggesting new and innovative ideas. This kind of problem results in the situation that students are not able to clarify the topic and the conceptual portion gets missed out. The base is not well developed therefore the further detailing becomes worthless as the concept is not clear which will always create the problem (Einarsen, Aasland Skogstad, 2016). After analysing both the portion the researcher decided that transformational leadership in context of early years is a beneficial activity. It allows the children to learn more and grow more. It focuses on the succeeding aspect of the child while making good decisions from the early time only. The transformational leadership in the early years involves 5 important traits that need to be known so that the understanding of staff could be developed and monitored so that adequate action could be implemented (Lackey, 2016). First of all in early year leadership it is to be seen that what all are the things that matter to the child and accordingly the analysis could be made and future could be predicted as to which thing could be focussed on to attract the child to learn new thing. The best leader to the child is their parents and they must know the strong point of the child and focus on that point has to be paid so that leadership quality automatically rises up when the person is working in direction of interest or heading towards the career goal (Education .gov.nz, 2017). This will help the staff to learn new things by its own and accordingly they would become responsible and accountable to the seniors they have in an organisation. It is the prime responsibility of the leader to focus on each and every member and construct a swot analysis so that appropriate selection takes place. In this way the deserved person get to achieve something and the one who lack certain quality co-op up with it and training is provided to them so that they could overcome the challenges. Also in the early year leadership the learning becomes easy as the fresh and young mind could easily grasp the things rather than the older mind. When better learning has been acquired the success gets assured and personality of the person gets improvised. When one is educated it is the common practice that they will impart the knowledge to the other as well, this practice is more common in context of t he students. The transformational leadership in early years could be turned other way round by connecting it with the distributive leadership. It is the distinctive leadership that promotes and boost up the inner conscious of the person (Lindon, 2012). The zeal to achieve something is developed in the distributed leadership and such a level of motivation increases the job satisfaction thereby the turnover of employee gets reduced as the leader knows the motivational and satisfaction level of the employees. When the adequate and understanding environment has been given to the employees and their problems are heard and solutions are rendered, also they are helped to accomplish the difficult task this lead to the feeling of security and employee feels engaged with the company therefore the organisational commitment is also achieved (Berkovich, 2016). The researcher states that in the distributed technique that better work could be achieved more efficiently if targets are set and work is distributed in the team. This gives the exposure of the team as well. Working in team is equally important as working individually. In teams the work gets distributed and it consumes less time and all the members of the team move ahead in the single direction following the core goal. The leader teacher need to distribute the projects to the staffs in the group so that they could understand each others mindset and accordingly the work could be carried out that involves the collaboration of multiple ideas (Zepke, 2017). If such a task had been completed by an individual the area of knowledge would have been limited. By working in the group the tub of ideas, opinions and suggestions are there and the group need to choose the one best alternative to accomplish the given project. this is what actually happens in the organisations, multiple ideas are collected and one best alternative is selected and this is the criteria of decision making, through this small activity student get to learn about the d ecision making process. Also while working in the teams there are various people from different backgrounds who come together for the achievement of common goal. Through this the members tries to adjust with each other and accept one another the way they are, in doing so the conflicts also take place and mutually these issues also gets resolved which improves and clarify the concept of problem solving as well. The leader should monitor the working of group and while analysing the new leader or student leader could be attained as the qualities of the people reflects out when they work together. There are varieties of things that the person get to know by others by working into the group, the latent talent pops up and this could prove to be the lien of career for certain students (Leithwood Jantzi, 2000). The researcher claims that in the early year leadership, quality could be figured out by looking at certain traits. The transformational leadership consists of certain characteristics that should be focussed on. First of all to be a leader an individual need to have the foresightedness, he/she should be the visionary who studies the external environment and accordingly the actions are taken to crack the opportunity and increase the strength of organisation and the person themselves. These leaders are accountable to the immediate supervisor, to become a leader there is not a need to gain certain position or hold the higher level in an organisation (Kivunja, 2015). The researcher pointed that leadership cannot be learnt; it prevails within the individual from the time they are born, only the efforts need to be made to remove the hesitation and pull out the quality from within the person. Through the better knowledge the mind gets broaden up and this is only the polishing of the person. The leader need to be inspirational, the positive person automatically reflects backs the positivity to the other person and generous environment gets created. The leader should be soft and approachable by the peers and subordinate, he should hold the flexible behaviour so that employees could feel free to contact the concern and seek the valuable advice from the leader (Nayab, 2010). Also, it is highly important for the transformational leader to stay stable and confidential. The disclosure element should be inculcated in the mind of the students from very start so that fellow people do not have the trust issues with their leader. The leader is one who knows about the strengths and weakness of eth members in their team and these should not be disclosed to demotivate the person, instead the efforts and ideas should be given to the individual to overcome the weakness and take it as an opportunity to convert it into strength. For the transformational leader the foremost thing that is highly requires is good communication skills and better interpersonal skills. As discussed earlier the leader might be good at the practical work about the knowledge delivery part lack and this could cause a serious problem to the student as they wont be getting the base clear (Zhu, Avolio Walumbwa, 2009). Thus, for that concern the leader teacher and parents need to focus on the communication part of the child so that they could catch the words easily and is able to interact with the team and clearly publish his/her own ideas confidently. In order to motivate the employee as well the need of communication is there and same applies to the resolution of conflict. It could be argued that being the good speaker and the motivator the leader need to have better listening skills as well. For the leader it is important to listen to the problems of people, analyse them properly to reach to the perfect solution. This structure when adopted by the leader helps in increasing peoples trust as well as the self-improvement is recorded and the student turn out to be the successful leader in the upcoming future (Gorman Gamble, 2016). Therefore, it could be concluded that leadership is the strong portion in the feature of management. It directs the people and influences them to exercise certain things. Now a day most of the company demands for the leaders who are attractive carrying the good personality and confident in their work who has the power to convince the people in the outer world. The transformational leadership should be taught to the practictioner in the early years because at that point of time they are highly creative and curious to learn. While making them learn new things even the leader gets to learn numerous aspects of positive leadership. At the early years the staffs are enthusiastic to learn and they consist of the visionary mind that could be directed in the appropriate direction towards the success and well-being of the students. In the early years leading is distributed in three portions that is leading others, leading learning and leading the innovation (Early year matters, 2017). It is ob vious that in the early year the innovative ideas strike into their mind and zeal to fulfil those goals rises up. For that first of all the transformational leadership has to be understood and thereafter the positive and negative impact of the transformational leadership has been discussed followed by arguing on the positive part of the leadership in early years. Lastly the qualities of the leaders have been explained that need to be monitored and implemented within the person at the early years so that better generation gets ready to achieve the heights. References Antonakis, J., 2017.The nature of leadership. Sage publications. Aw, V.K.J., Aw, V.K.J., Ayoko, O.B. and Ayoko, O.B., 2017. The impact of followers conflict behaviors on teams transformational leadership, team member exchange and engagement.International Journal of Conflict Management,28(4), pp.509-532. Berkovich, I., 2016. School leaders and transformational leadership theory: time to part ways?.Journal of Educational Administration,54(5), pp.609-622. Day, C., Gu, Q. and Sammons, P., 2016. The impact of leadership on student outcomes: How successful school leaders use transformational and instructional strategies to make a difference.Educational Administration Quarterly,52(2), pp.221-258. Dunlop, A., 2008. A literature review on leadership in the early years.URL: https://www. ltscotland. org. uk/publications/a/leadershipreview. aspDownload vom,5, p.2011. Early childhood Australia, 2017, What does leadership look like in early childhood settings?, viewed on 19th November 2017, https://www.earlychildhoodaustralia.org.au/our-publications/every-child-magazine/every-child-index/every-child-vol-18-4-2012/leadership-look-like-early-childhood-settings/. Early year matters, 2017, Leadership, viewed on 19th November 2017, https://www.earlyyearsmatters.co.uk/our-services/school-and-nursery-improvement-partner/leading-learning/. Education .gov.nz, 2017, Leadership in early childhood education for 5 out of 5 children, viewed on 19th November 2017, https://www.education.govt.nz/early-childhood/teaching-and-learning/leadership/5-out-of-5/. Einarsen, S., Aasland, M.S. and Skogstad, A., 2016. the nature and outcomes of destructive leadership behavior in Organizations.Risky Business: Psychological, Physical and Financial Costs of High Risk Behavior in Organizations, p.323. Farmer, S.M. and Tierney, P., 2017. 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C., 2015, Leadership in early childhood education contexts: looks, roles and functions, Scientific Research Publishing, vol. 6, p.p. 1710-1717. Lackey, N.Q., 2016. The Influence of Training on Guides and Their Environmentally Responsible Behaviors and Transformational Leadership Abilities. Leithwood, K. and Jantzi, D., 2000. The effects of transformational leadership on organizational conditions and student engagement with school.Journal of Educational Administration,38(2), pp.112-129. Lindon, J. and Lindon, L., 2012.Leadership and early years professionalism. Hodder Education. Mitgang, L., 2012. The Making of the Principal: Five Lessons in Leadership Training. Perspective.Wallace Foundation. Nayab, N., 2010. Characteristics of Transformational Leadership, p.2011. Travis, E., 2017, The disadvantages of transformational leadership, viewed on 19th November 2017, https://bizfluent.com/info-7749368-disadvantages-transformational-leadership.html. Zepke, N., 2017. 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Monday, March 23, 2020
This particular case deals with a number of subsidiary marketing problems of PARKER, a writing instrument company, which ultimately converge into a major marketing problem. The designer of this case also has a specific objective to attain out of this case study. Wrong selection of marketing strategy by the new CEO of PARKER (Mr. Paterson) was the principal problem of this case. There are a number of subsidiary problems associated with this. Long-term The global strategy orientation plans failed in the long run of the company for the past two decades and now the re-establishment of a global strategy with multinational decentralization approach is needed. By which way can the company regain its primary position in the global market with a multinational marketing approach once again and retain the traditional qualities of the brand? In stating the problem(s) be specific, concise, and to the point. The root of all managerial and marketing problems is the ill-defined framework and biases in the decisionÃ¢â¬âmaking procedure derived from the CEO of the company James R. We will write a custom essay sample on Parker Pen Case Study or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Peterson. Identify and list the Ã¢â¬Å"symptomsÃ¢â¬ to the problem and Key Facts of the Case The adaptation of a unified global marketing approach can be explained as a self-reference criterion (SRC) mistake of the CEO due to his former experience. Many companies involved in global marketing, do not rigidly centralized all their marketing effort, due to the huge variety in the culture of different region. In some cases companies made little or few adjustments in their standardized global effort to meet the requirements of different environments. But Mr. Peterson and his strategy had the rigidity in following centralized packaging, pricing, and promotional materials. This rigidity was not accepted by the customers of different culture. Pursuing the market and products of lower-end in addition to higher-end products was a devastating re-positioning decision for the company. Over the period of time PARKER established an image, as the seller of high-end products. But the new CEO suddenly started pursuing the lower-end of the market and started producing lower-priced pens. This was counter to PARKERÃ¢â¬â¢s tradition and image and many of its loyal customers could not accept this. Ultimately this proved to be an ill Ã¢â¬â advice for PARKER. There is another reason for the failure of the new strategy. Problems arose on the manufacturing side with the fact that repeated mechanical faults caused disturbance in the productivity of the automated production plant. Mr. Peterson fired a group of his successful managers which consisted of some veteran managers of the company. In some cases, a move was greeted with dismay by the employees within the company, which ultimately affected the productivity of the firm. Under these circumstances, companyÃ¢â¬â¢s image was affected, which ultimately resulted into the selection of a wrong strategy for PARKER. 3. Strategic Alternatives Analysis, advantages and disadvantages of alternatives Continuing with the Previous Decentralized Strategy via enhancing presence in the local markets like before through investment in local subsidiaries and economic motivation to its past advertising agencies. This strategy may enhance sales gradually but repair the brand image and net equity in the long term. Lower End Market Product may be developed with Different Brand Name. In this strategy PARKER would try focus its efforts again on selling the upper end products in their generic brand name PARKER to keep up the tradition and image of the company at historically targeted market segments. At the same time, the company could pursue the lower end market with different brand name products, in order to achieve risk diversification and better net equity. Initially, this strategy might face some difficulties to penetrate the market but if handled with care it could earn the satisfaction of profitable segment, especially in emerging markets like Brazil, China and Turkey.
Friday, March 6, 2020
How to Tell Your Parents You Want to Transfer Colleges Chances are, you and your parents spent a lot of time looking at, preparing for, applying to, and finally deciding on which college you wanted to attend. Which means, of course, that if you decide youÃ reallyÃ dont like where you are and you want to transfer to another institution, bringing the topic up to your folks presents quite a few challenges. So just where should you begin? Be Honest Its okay to admit that you dont like where you are; approximately 1 in 3 college students ends up transferring at some point, which means that your desire to head somewhere else certainly isnt unusual (or even unexpected). And even if you feel like youre letting your parents down or are otherwise creating problems, being honest about how your current experience is going is still really important. Its much easier to transfer before things become overwhelming, after all, and your parents need you to be honest if theyre going to be able to fully help and support you. Talk About What You Dont Like at Your Institution Is it the students? The classes? The professors? The overall culture? Talking through whats causing your stress and unhappiness can not just help you find a solution, it can help transform what feels like an overwhelming issue into smaller, conquerable problems. Additionally, if youre looking to transfer, youll be better able to identify what youÃ dontÃ want at your next college or university. Talk About What You Do Like Its unlikely that you dislike every single thing at your current school. It can be hard but also helpful to think about the things you really do like. What attracted you to your institution in the first place? What appealed to you? What do you still like? What did you learn to like? What would you like to see at any new place you transfer to? What do you find appealing about your classes, your campus, your living arrangement? Focus on the Fact that You Want to Continue Calling your parents to say you want to leave your school can be heard two ways: you want to transfer colleges or you want to drop out of college altogether. And for most parents, the former is a lot easier to handle than the latter. Focus on your desire to stay in school and to continue your education just at another college or university. That way, your parents can focus on making sure you find someplace with a better fit instead of worrying that youre throwing your future away. Be Specific Try to be very detailed about why you dont like where you are. While I just dont like it here and I want to come home/go somewhere else might adequately convey how youre feeling, broad statements like these make it difficult for your parents to know how to support you. Talk about what you like, what you dont like, when youd like to transfer, where (if you know) youd like to transfer, what you want to study, what your goals still are for your college education and career. That way, your parents can help you focus on the things that are most important in ways that are specific and actionable. Talk Through the Specifics If you really do want to transfer (and end up doing so), there are a lot of logistics to work out. Before you fully commit to leaving your current institution, make sure youre fully aware of how the process will work. Will your credits transfer? Will you have to pay back any scholarships? When will you have to start paying back your loans? What financial obligations do you have in your living environment? Will you lose any efforts youve made in the current semester and, consequently, would it be wiser to just stay a little while longer and finish up your current course load? Even if you want to transfer as soon as possible, you likely dont want to spend longer than needed cleaning up what you left behind. Make a plan of action, knowing deadlines for all of your to-dos, and then talk with your parents about how they can best support you during the transition.
Tuesday, February 18, 2020
Apple vs samsung - Essay Example The content of this report concentrates determining the main reasons behind the increasing competitiveness of both the companies and the reasons behind the recent success of Samsung in comparison to Apple in the smartphone segment. From the findings, it is determined that Samsung has significantly focused on availability, after-sales service and use of media to lure the consumers as compared to Apple. The presented findings of this report also discuss about the pertinent views of the general managers of both companies who highlight their opinions regarding the changing competitiveness in the industry and their future endeavors with the offered smartphones . It concludes with the assessment that despite possessing impeccable brand image Apple has slightly remained behind Samsung in the smartphone segment due to the lack of availability, after-sales service and a reduced focus on ensuring utmost consumer satisfaction of ease of purchase. Thus, certain recommendations including focusing of untapped consumer segment and reducing price of the smartphones have been offered to Apple. Conversely, Samsung has been recommended to increase its market share in the segment of smartphone through sustained focus on augmentation of brand awareness and product promotion. I hope this report will prove to be satisfactory. If you should have any questions concerning my project and report, please feel free to contact me Ã¢â¬Å"Sumaya Ali Ã¢â¬Å" at Samyaa0202@hotmail.com. Sincerely, Fatima Ali Attachment : My report on Smartphone Comparison Table of Contents NU SUBJECT PAGES 1 Summary of the Report 4 2 Introduction 5 3 Procedure 6 4 Overview About Apple And Samsung 6 5 SWOT Analysis 9 6 Findings 14 6.1 Questionnaire Findings 14 6.2 Interview Findings 21 7 Conclusion 24 8 Recommendations 25 9 Appendix 26 9.1 Survey Questionnaire 26 9.2 Interview Questionnaire 28 10 References 29 1- Summary of the Report The report intends to provide a comparative study of the smartphones of two of t he worldÃ¢â¬â¢s leading manufacturerÃ¢â¬â¢s i.e. Apple and Samsung. From the perspective of technology and innovation, both the companies are superior in this field. However, there are a number of pertinent parameters based which Samsung can be stated to be noticeably ahead of Apple in terms of sales as well as market share. Therefore, as a part of this report a consumer feedback questionnaire has been designed and feedbacks from the smartphone users have been accumulated accordingly. In addition, a set of interview questionnaire is also designed for taking the interview of the Chairman/CEO/General Manager of Apple as well as Samsung. Based on the feedbacks obtained as a part of this report, a set of relevant recommendations has been offered to both the companies. 2- Introduction Over the past decade in the field of technology segment, Apple Inc and Samsung Electronics have been two of the major players as well as rivals. Apple Inc is an American based multinational organisation (MNC), founded in 1976 by Steve Jobs (Apple, 2013). Samsung Electronics is a South Korean based MNC founded in 1938 by Lee Kun-hee (Samsung, 2013). Although Apple came into the market later but in the course of focusing on sustained technological innovation it has turned into one of the preferred and respect brands in the world, thus in turn creating an immense challenge for the competitors to match up to the offerings of Apple. In